Hundreds of Republican lawmakers, including 12 governors and 228 members of Congress, filed a set of amicus briefs Thursday urging the U.S. Supreme Court to overturn Roe v. Wade and restore states’ power to ban abortion access. 

Both briefs were filed in Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization, a case the Supreme Court plans to hear later this year concerning the constitutionality of pre-viability abortions. If the justices side with the anti-abortion movement, the landmark decision in Roe v. Wade would essentially be voided and states would be free to restrict abortion at every stage of pregnancy, upending nearly 50 years of protections for access to the procedure. 

One comes from 12 governors led by South Carolina Gov. Henry McMaster. Its co-signers include Gov. Kay Ivey of Alabama, Gov. Douglas Ducey of Arizona, Gov. Asa Hutchinson of Arkansas, Gov. Ron DeSantis of Florida, Gov. Brian Kemp of Georgia, Gov. Brad Little of Idaho, Gov. Kim Reynolds of Iowa, Gov. Michael Parson of Missouri, Gov. Greg Gianforte of Montana, Gov. J. Kevin Stitt of Oklahoma and Gov. Greg Abbott of Texas.

“Today’s action is another step closer to overturning Roe v. Wade and securing the precious gift of life for an untold number of children,” McMaster said in a statement Thursday. 

South Carolina Gov. Henry McMaster along with 11 other governors filed an amicus brief urging the U.S. Supreme Court to

Sean Rayford via Getty Images

South Carolina Gov. Henry McMaster along with 11 other governors filed an amicus brief urging the U.S. Supreme Court to overturn Roe v. Wade.

The brief argues that Roe v. Wade ― which determined that patients must be able to seek abortions without excessive government restriction ― is an “unwarranted intrusion into the sovereign sphere of the States” and that giving the power back to states would be effective at “deescalating tensions on this divisive topic.” 

That’s unlikely. Recent polls have found that more than 60% of Americans support full abortion access in the first trimester of pregnancy ― a protection several of these governors have tried to eliminate by signing legislation that effectively bans abortion halfway through that period. Some 57% of respondents said abortion should be legal overall in all or most cases — 76% of Democrats and 36% of Republicans.

The second amicus brief came from GOP members of Congress, including 44 from the Senate and 184 from the House. In it, they argue that lawmakers are “ready and able” to legislate around abortion in ways that are “grounded in the science of fetal development and maternal health.”

But doctors say that’s untrue, noting that many attempted abortion bans rest on completely unscientific claims. The wave of “fetal heartbeat” laws are based on an arbitrary timeline, and the indicator they focus on is not actually a heartbeat, medical experts say. Other abortion laws severely limiting which providers can perform abortions hinge on a fallacy of abortion being a dangerous procedure, they’ve also noted. In reality, abortion has a very low risk of complications, even lower than that of a wisdom tooth removal. 

That amicus brief follows a separate one that Sens. Josh Hawley (R-Mo.), Mike Lee (R-Utah) and Ted Cruz (R-Texas) filed on Monday for the same Supreme Court case.

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